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Rome from its origins to bc Early Rome to bc Early Italy When Italy emerged into the light of history about bc, it was already inhabited by various peoples of different cultures and languages.
Oscan and Umbrian were closely related Italic dialects spoken by the inhabitants of the Apennines. The other two Italic dialects, Latin and Venetic, were likewise closely related to each other and were spoken, respectively, by the Latins of Latium a plain of west-central Italy and the people of northeastern Italy near modern Venice.
Iapyges and Messapii inhabited the southeastern coast. Their language resembled the speech of the Illyrians on the other side of the Adriatic. During the 5th century bc the Po valley of northern Italy Cisalpine Gaul was occupied by Gallic tribes who spoke Celtic and who had migrated across the Alps from continental Europe.
The Etruscans were the first highly civilized people of Italy and were the only inhabitants who did not speak an Indo-European language. By bc several Greek colonies were established along the southern coast.
Both Greeks and Phoenicians were actively engaged in trade with the Italian natives. Roman religion was indebted to the beliefs and practices of the Etruscans. The Romans borrowed and adapted the alphabet from the Etruscans, who in turn had borrowed and adapted it from the Greek colonies of Italy. Senior officials of the Roman Republic derived their insignia from the Etruscans: Gladiatorial combats and the military triumph see below were other customs adopted from the Etruscans.
Rome lay 12 miles inland from the sea on the Tiber River, the border between Latium and Etruria.
Because the site commanded a convenient river crossing and lay on a land route from the Apennines to the sea, it formed the meeting point of three distinct peoples: Latins, Etruscans, and Sabines. Though Latin in speech and culturethe Roman population must have been somewhat diverse from earliest times, a circumstance that may help to account for the openness of Roman society in historical times.
Historical sources on early Rome The regal period — bc and the early republic — bc are the most poorly documented periods of Roman history because historical accounts of Rome were not written until much later.
Greek historians did not take serious notice of Rome until the Pyrrhic War — bcwhen Rome was completing its conquest of Italy and was fighting against the Greek city of Tarentum in southern Italy.
Thus historical writing at Rome did not begin until after Rome had completed its conquest of Italy, had emerged as a major power of the ancient world, and was engaged in a titanic struggle with Carthage for control of the western Mediterranean.
During the last years bc, 16 other Romans wrote similarly inclusive narratives. Since Livy wrote during the reign of the emperor Augustus 27 bc—ad 14he was separated by years from Fabius Pictor, who, in turn, had lived long after many of the events his history described.
Thus, in writing about early Rome, ancient historians were confronted with great difficulties in ascertaining the truth. They possessed a list of annual magistrates from the beginning of the republic onward the consular fastiwhich formed the chronological framework of their accounts.Filter by Custom Post Type.
Home» Ancient Rome. Ancient Rome. HSC Ancient History Part 3: Personalities in Their Times – Rome – Agrippina the Younger. Primary Resources - free worksheets, lesson plans and teaching ideas for primary and elementary teachers. Ancient Rome: Historical and geographical treatment of ancient Rome from BCE to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire.
The Roman Empire was one of the greatest and most influential civilizations in world history. It began in the city of Rome in BC and lasted for well over years. During that time Rome grew to rule much of Europe, Western Asia, and Northern Africa. Here is a timeline of some of the major.
Ancient Rome history in brief Rome began as an Iron Age hut village, founded in the mid-8th century BC. In , the Romans' sophisticated Etruscan neighbours seized power, but were ousted in , the inception of the Roman Republic.