The number of victims of the war in Afghanistan grew significantly over the year, especially among civilians. Attacks on the population are no longer limited to the areas of confrontation between government forces and anti-government militias Islamic State, Al Qaeda, and the Taliban.
More on GiveDirectly's grant structure can be found on our page with additional information about GiveDirectly. Process GiveDirectly's typical process is as follows: Select local region and then villages based largely Political risk analysis kenya 2012 poverty rates.
Conduct a census of all households in each village. Send a separate team to register eligible households. This includes a helping recipients set up a payment system to receive transfers if they don't already have such a system in placeand b collecting an additional round of data from the household that can be checked against the initial data from the census.
Some households are flagged for audit based on discrepancies collected in the previous steps and are revisited to collect additional data. GiveDirectly sends transfers to recipients via mobile money providers more. GiveDirectly field staff make multiple phone calls to all recipients as transfers are being sent to ask various questions about recipients' experiences.
They also make in-person visits to vulnerable recipients. In addition to the follow-up calls, GiveDirectly maintains a phone "hotline" for recipients to call if they have any questions about the transfers or have issues in obtaining funds.
More detail on the above process can be found on our page with additional information about GiveDirectly. We have reviewed and made public data collected during each step of the enrollment process for most of GiveDirectly's campaigns, with deletions to preserve anonymity.
Day-to-day operations are overseen by Field Managers and Associate Field Managers, who focus on quality control, management, training of Field Officers, logistics, and management of Field Officers. Field Officers FOs implement the steps required on the ground to enroll and follow up with households.
They have the most face-to-face interaction with recipients and are all hired within the country of the transfers. There are separate groups of FOs for census and registration.
FOs are also hired to conduct audits and follow-up surveys with recipients post-transfers; some of the FOs hired for these roles may have previously worked on the census or registration phases.
Political Risk Map Aon's political risk experts use a combination of market experience, innovative analysis tools and tailored risk transfer programmes to help you minimise your exposure to political risks. RISK ASSESSMENT Security situation still a cause for concern. The security situation deteriorated in and is set to remain a cause for concern in Surprisingly little attention has been paid to variation among countries in contributions to conservation. As a first step, we developed a Megafauna Conservation Index (MCI) that assesses the spatial, ecological and financial contributions of nations towards conservation of the world’s terrestrial megafauna.
More on GiveDirectly's staff structure can be found on our page with additional information about GiveDirectly. Evaluation and experimentation GiveDirectly's goals for experimentation include increasing the evidence base for cash transfers, improving recipient returns and welfare both in GiveDirectly's program and othersand developing capabilities necessary to implement larger-scale programs or programs in new contexts.
Below we discuss a few selected projects that are of greatest interest to us. The RCT has been published; we discuss it in detail here. Macroeconomic effects Based on conversations with policymakers, GiveDirectly found that a key question relevant to government cash transfer programs is the impact they have on macroeconomic factors such as inflation and job creation.
As of Juneenrollment for the study had been completed. The projects that GiveDirectly has partnered on or considered generally involve implementing cash transfers as part of a study funded by an institutional partner.
GiveDirectly has also provided informal advice to those considering cash transfer programs. For a sample of smaller potential partnership projects that GiveDirectly has considered, see this footnote.
As of JuneGiveDirectly was starting partnership projects in three new countries—Liberia, Malawi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo—with this partner and had hired a Country Director for each; it had not yet begun distributing cash transfers in any of these countries. This section discusses the following questions: Generally speaking, are unconditional cash transfers a promising approach to helping people?
We believe that this approach faces an unusually low burden of proof and that the available evidence is consistent with the idea that unconditional cash transfers help people.
How effective and well-founded are GiveDirectly's criteria? The evidence we have suggests that GiveDirectly targets low-income recipients. Is GiveDirectly effectively targeting people who meet its criteria?The KUSCCO Housing Fund founded in is arguably one of Kenya's affordable and highly patronized housing schemes.
The Union has disbursed around Kshs. billion to individual SACCO members to buy land, purchase houses and for home construction. Received in revised form 27 March Political instability Risk-coping Kenyan post-election crisis This paper studies the microeconomic impacts of the political crisis and civil conﬂict that immediately fol-lowed the December presidential election in Kenya.
Income, expenditures, and consumption dramati- Kenya's political crisis. eConsultant2 system will be down from pm EST Friday November 16, till am EST Monday November 19, due to upcoming WBG systems upgrade. Political risks facing African democracies: Evidence from Afrobarometer.
Political risks facing African democracies: Evidence from Afrobarometer by Michael Bratton and E.
Gyimah-Boadi | May can be used to detect political risk factors that undermine the resilience of governments. Overview. GiveDirectly transfers cash to poor households in low-income countries primarily via mobile phone-linked payment services.
It has operated since and is currently active in Kenya, Uganda, and Rwanda (launched in October ).1 To date, GiveDirectly has primarily provided large, one-time transfers. It recently started a basic income guarantee program, in which recipients will.
i the effect of political risk on exchange rates in kenya abuogi samson ochieng d63// a research project submitted in partial fulfillment of the.