His works and the characters that inhabit them are some of the most robust and vital creations ever to appear on the stage. His people burn with passion and life, and are deeply complex, rarely superficial.
While Williams is best known as one of the greatest American dramatists of the post-World War II era, he also wrote short stories that explore isolation and miscommunication within families and Tennessee williams essay paper groups of misfits and loners.
These stories have often been viewed as simply apprentice works for his dramas, developing themes and characters that he later incorporated into his plays, but a number of critics have argued that they deserve to be considered on their own merits and have drawn comparisons between them and the fiction of Edgar Allan Poe and Thomas Mann.
Biographical Information Born in Columbus, Mississippi, Williams was raised by his mother and maternal grandparents at an Episcopal rectory in Clarksdale, Mississippi; his father, a traveling salesman, was frequently absent.
After a near-fatal bout of diphtheria, Williams remained a sickly child in the constant care of Tennessee williams essay paper overprotective mother. He also developed a close attachment to his older sister, Rose, who suffered from schizophrenia and, later, mental deterioration after an unsuccessful lobotomy.
In his family moved to St. Louis, where his father was transferred to assume a managerial position. To relieve his sense of isolation in his new environment, Williams began to write poetry and short fiction.
In he entered the University of Missouri, though he was forced by his father to return home after failing ROTC in his third year. He took a menial job in a shoe warehouse and wrote short fiction and essays until suffering a nervous breakdown in During his convalescence, he collaborated on the comedy Cairo, Shanghai, Bombay!
After that experience, he decided to devote himself to writing. He began taking classes at Washington University in St. Louis, but subsequently transferred to the University of Iowa.
In he received his bachelor's degree in English. That same year, he received a Rockefeller Foundation fellowship, which allowed him to write his play Battle of Angels In the early s Williams was offered a salaried position with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in Hollywood; he produced several unaccepted screenplays, and was released at the end of his contract.
In the late s Williams underwent intensive psychoanalysis to treat his depression, providing material for Suddenly Last SummerSweet Bird of Youthand Period of Adjustment After Night of the Iguanahis last notable success, Williams continued to produce numerous dramatic works of diminishing critical importance until the end of his life.
His mental instability and increasing dependence upon drugs and alcohol worsened during the next two decades. In he was briefly hospitalized following another mental breakdown. On February 24,in New York City, he accidentally choked to death on the cap of a medicine bottle. Major Works of Short Fiction Like his drama, Williams's short fiction focuses on marginalized or outcast individuals struggling with their own fears and insecurities and is imbued with an air of melancholy and corruption.
Critics identify the key thematic concerns in his fiction as decay, disease, dysfunction, abnormality, and the destructiveness of desire.
After losing his arm in a car accident, Oliver must give up his career as a champion boxer and degenerates into a male hustler and alcoholic. He eventually murders a man who had paid him to participate in a pornographic movie.
Attracted to him, Burns returns again and again, forming a sadomasochistic relationship with the man. With his consent, Burns is tortured and eventually killed and eaten by the masseur, who gathers his bones in a sack and throws them into a lake.
Critics perceive this story as an allegory for spiritual alienation and isolation. When his one comfort, his relationship with a young widow and her daughter, fails, he is bereft of hope and falls back into his dysfunctional relationship with his wife.
Critical Reception The critical reaction to Williams's short fiction has been mixed. Certainly his contribution as a short story writer has been overshadowed by his fame as a playwright, and scholars have often focused on how Williams developed his plays from ideas he introduced in his short stories.
Some have regarded the stories as simplified and sharpened versions of his plays. Many reviewers have found his fiction morbid and grotesque and have compared it to that of Edgar Allan Poe. Detractors of Williams's work contend that he is a sadist who creates characters only to humiliate them, but his supporters assert that in general he treats his characters with sympathy and compassion.
Some critics have seen in the stories' concern with the interplay of death and desire a similarity to works by Thomas Mann. Commentators have also examined autobiographical aspects of Williams's short stories, particularly his treatment of homosexuality and family dynamics.
Recent studies have elucidated the role of women in his fiction, and have investigated his unconventional themes, experimental narrative technique, and use of symbols, particularly religious ones.“He is the most realistic character in the play, being an emissary from a world of reality that we were somehow set apart from - Tennessee Williams – The Glass Menagerie introduction he is the long-delayed but always expected something that we live for.” (Williams 5) – Jim’s first introduction by Tom.
Tennessee Williams – The Glass Menagerie Essay - Part 2 “He is the most realistic character in the play, being an emissary from a world of reality that we were somehow set apart from - Tennessee Williams – The Glass Menagerie Essay introduction he is the long-delayed but always expected something that we live for.” (Williams 5) – Jim’s first introduction by Tom as a narrator.
Essays and criticism on Tennessee Williams - Critical Essays. Tennessee Williams This Essay Tennessee Williams and other 64,+ term papers, college essay examples and free essays are available now on leslutinsduphoenix.com Autor: review • September 3, • Essay • 1, Words (8 Pages) • 1, Views4/4(1). Tennessee Williams At their best, his twenty-five full-length plays combined lyrical intensity, haunting loneliness, and hypnotic violence.
He is widely considered the greatest Southern playwright and one of the greatest playwrights in the history of American drama. Tennessee Williams research papers give a biography of the famous author and his best known works, such as Glass Menagerie and A Streetcar Named Desire.